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MEAN Stack Web Development: A Beginner’s Guide

A stack is all the programming languages, frameworks, libraries, tools, etc. used in software development of a particular project. MEAN stack is a combination environment with frameworks and a database which is completely sufficient for end-to-end functional web development. You will only need peripherals like analytical tools and a hosting platform, if necessary, to make your website market ready. MEAN Stack Web Development training is essential for every front-end developer, as it gives you the flexibility to understand other programming languages.What Does MEAN Stand For?M - MongoDB: Any website needs a database to store information about what to show on the website, as well as information provided by the users, and how the users have interacted with the website. There are two types of database popularly used by most developers; which are the relational and non-relational database. MongoDB is by far the most popular non-relational database. In short, a non-relational database allows you to start storing data without classifying the data into predefined tables. A non-relational database allows you to start without much initial time investment and provide many advantages if you’re dealing with large sets of heterogeneous data. Data retrieval is also simple and efficient no matter what the size of your total database.E - Express.js: Express is a node JS framework that allows web application development. If you search for something on YouTube, you’ll see that your URL is something like “https://www.youtube.com/results” Now, once your browser hits this URL, Express takes over, identifies that this is a search request, connects to the aforementioned database and gives an answer to your browser as to what to load. Express.js, in addition to having a very clean and readable syntax also provides an inbuilt folder and file structure for the Model View Controller(MVC) Framework. The MVC framework allows keeping the lines of code responsible for receiving the request separately, validating the data received in the request, and the functions for executing the business logic.A - AngularJS: AngularJS is a full-fledged front end development framework released in 2010. It is maintained by Google. AngularJS being a framework provides a lot of in-built functionalities which otherwise would take a lot of time and effort to build. AngularJS is one of the most popular front end frameworks. The popularity of AngularJS is due to its easy learning curve, compatibility across a wide range of browsers, and most importantly, a vibrant, actively contributing developer community.N - Node.js: Node.js is a cross-platform javascript runtime environment. To simplify, it allows javascript to be run outside the web browser and to be used for server-side scripting. Node.js has an event-driven architecture which allows it to rely on callbacks and not stall the application when any I/O operation is happening. This is called asynchronous I/O. This default architecture gives a massive advantage when user volume increases and your application has to scale. Other languages used for server-side scripting need external libraries to allow asynchronous execution. The E in our stack, Express.js is a framework on top of node.js.Why Is MEAN Stack popular?There are multiple reasons for this. Besides giving the software developer scope for improvement, it also holds the following benefits:Open source: All the frameworks are open-source which means they are free and have a multitude of developers contributing. MongoDB was also formerly open-source, but the language drivers are still available under an Apache License.Standardization: With MEAN stack ever increasing as a bundled skillset among developers, companies prefer to build their web application using the same stack to allow better collaboration between their developers. MEAN stack also makes it easier to change the development for a project from outsourced to in house and vice-versa.Seamless Integration: All components in the MEAN stack integrate smoothly. The server to the client (Express-AngularJS) and server to DB (Express-MongoDB) within MEAN stack is a combination which has been tried, tested, and scaled by countless companies. With MEAN stack gaining in popularity, more and more libraries are being published which make the integration even more seamless.Backed by Google: Node.js and AngularJS are backed by Google which helps a lot in keeping the developer community engaged and up to date with the latest versions. It also gives developers the confidence that the frameworks into which they’re pouring hours to master will not become obsolete.Should I Become a MEAN Stack Developer?The demand to create, improve, and maintain web applications is definitely not going to reduce in the coming years. Undertaking a MEAN Stack Web Development course qualifies you to be a certified MEAN stack web developer, which allows a prospective employer to hire a candidate with confidence that they will check all the boxes required to be an end to end web developer.
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MEAN Stack Web Development: A Beginner’s Guide

Susan May
Blog
10th Jun, 2019
MEAN Stack Web Development: A Beginner’s Guide

A stack is all the programming languages, frameworks, libraries, tools, etc. used in software development of a particular project. MEAN stack is a combination environment with frameworks and a database which is completely sufficient for end-to-end functional web development. You will only need peripherals like analytical tools and a hosting platform, if necessary, to make your website market ready. MEAN Stack Web Development training is essential for every front-end developer, as it gives you the flexibility to understand other programming languages.

What Does MEAN Stand For?What Does MEAN Stand For

M - MongoDB: Any website needs a database to store information about what to show on the website, as well as information provided by the users, and how the users have interacted with the website. There are two types of database popularly used by most developers; which are the relational and non-relational database. MongoDB is by far the most popular non-relational database. In short, a non-relational database allows you to start storing data without classifying the data into predefined tables. A non-relational database allows you to start without much initial time investment and provide many advantages if you’re dealing with large sets of heterogeneous data. Data retrieval is also simple and efficient no matter what the size of your total database.

E - Express.js: Express is a node JS framework that allows web application development. If you search for something on YouTube, you’ll see that your URL is something like “https://www.youtube.com/results” Now, once your browser hits this URL, Express takes over, identifies that this is a search request, connects to the aforementioned database and gives an answer to your browser as to what to load. Express.js, in addition to having a very clean and readable syntax also provides an inbuilt folder and file structure for the Model View Controller(MVC) Framework. The MVC framework allows keeping the lines of code responsible for receiving the request separately, validating the data received in the request, and the functions for executing the business logic.

A - AngularJS: AngularJS is a full-fledged front end development framework released in 2010. It is maintained by Google. AngularJS being a framework provides a lot of in-built functionalities which otherwise would take a lot of time and effort to build. AngularJS is one of the most popular front end frameworks. The popularity of AngularJS is due to its easy learning curve, compatibility across a wide range of browsers, and most importantly, a vibrant, actively contributing developer community.

N - Node.js: Node.js is a cross-platform javascript runtime environment. To simplify, it allows javascript to be run outside the web browser and to be used for server-side scripting. Node.js has an event-driven architecture which allows it to rely on callbacks and not stall the application when any I/O operation is happening. This is called asynchronous I/O. This default architecture gives a massive advantage when user volume increases and your application has to scale. Other languages used for server-side scripting need external libraries to allow asynchronous execution. The E in our stack, Express.js is a framework on top of node.js.

Why Is MEAN Stack popular?Benefits of mean stack

There are multiple reasons for this. Besides giving the software developer scope for improvement, it also holds the following benefits:

  • Open source: All the frameworks are open-source which means they are free and have a multitude of developers contributing. MongoDB was also formerly open-source, but the language drivers are still available under an Apache License.
  • Standardization: With MEAN stack ever increasing as a bundled skillset among developers, companies prefer to build their web application using the same stack to allow better collaboration between their developers. MEAN stack also makes it easier to change the development for a project from outsourced to in house and vice-versa.
  • Seamless Integration: All components in the MEAN stack integrate smoothly. The server to the client (Express-AngularJS) and server to DB (Express-MongoDB) within MEAN stack is a combination which has been tried, tested, and scaled by countless companies. With MEAN stack gaining in popularity, more and more libraries are being published which make the integration even more seamless.
  • Backed by Google: Node.js and AngularJS are backed by Google which helps a lot in keeping the developer community engaged and up to date with the latest versions. It also gives developers the confidence that the frameworks into which they’re pouring hours to master will not become obsolete.

Should I Become a MEAN Stack Developer?

The demand to create, improve, and maintain web applications is definitely not going to reduce in the coming years. Undertaking a MEAN Stack Web Development course qualifies you to be a certified MEAN stack web developer, which allows a prospective employer to hire a candidate with confidence that they will check all the boxes required to be an end to end web developer.

Susan

Susan May

Writer, Developer, Explorer

Susan is a gamer, internet scholar and an entrepreneur, specialising in Big Data, Hadoop, Web Development and many other technologies. She is the author of several articles published on Zeolearn and KnowledgeHut blogs. She has gained a lot of experience by working as a freelancer and is now working as a trainer. As a developer, she has spoken at various international tech conferences around the globe about Big Data.


Website : https://www.zeolearn.com

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