Did you ever have a trivial problem with your phone and thought of an ingenious idea to fix it, but didn’t know how? That’s why Google bridged this gap between the user and their device with the introduction of its operating system -Android. With Android, users could easily develop applications to run on their mobile devices and share it with other users on the Google Play store. Android Development gave users the freedom to be creative and also to add a few extra features that they always wanted on their phones.
Some problems faced over the years with Android development
In 2010, Android had released Gingerbread, (version 2.3-2.3.7) which was an arduous task to develop the applications for this version. It occupied close to 10-15% of market shares at that time. Then, in 2011, Google released Ice Cream Sandwich, (version 4.0) which was completely different from Gingerbread and with new UI elements, new APIS for hardware, new screen densities, etc. This made things a little more difficult for developers as it led to more bugs and fixes, which in turn expanded the time frame to create an application.
Then came iOS, developed by Apple. Though Android was better than iOS in numerous ways, there was one category where iOS won hands down, and that was its User Interface. The iOS applications were much more colourful, interactive and animated compared to their Android counterparts.
The Current Android Scene
Currently, Android is being used in almost all gadgets in the market and these numbers are increasing by the day. The latest gadgets using Android OS are smart watches, tablets, cameras, televisions, cars, etc. The latest Android version is Marshmallow (version 6.0), which was launched in the 3rd quarter of 2015. Marshmallow is quite exceptional compared to its predecessors on various parameters, such as more detailed app permissions, improved battery life and Google’s “Now on tap.”
Another important modification was the stabilization of Android Studio, one of the most popular Integrated Development Environment (IDE). There were many complaints from the developers regarding the Eclipse IDE which resulted in many developers migrating to the more stable Android Studio. Android Studio stands apart due to the following reasons:
You can define your unit tests as different classes and use them while testing your applications. The errors displayed will point out the bugs in your code before the production stage.
A project will take about 1 or 2 minutes to launch in Eclipse and it takes less than 30 seconds to launch in Android Studio.
Gradle is a vital project automation tool which replaced Apache Ant. Almost everything can be automated using Gradle. The applications can be divided into different flavours, the build numbers can be incremented and external dependencies can be defined, among other functions.
The quality and quantity of smart phones released in the market have improved significantly over the years. This has led to more affordable smart phones to fit any budget.
Future of Android?
So what does the future of Android look like? Looking at the rapid pace of development in the past few years, a few predictions can be made about the future of this widely used operating system. Everyone involved with Android- Google, OEM manufacturers, and developers have realized that they now have a stable operating system with countless applications, used by millions of users. Their next goal is to make Android simpler and speed up the application development process. One of the ways to do this would be by introducing a new programming language to develop Android applications. Java is an exceptional programming language but, it has its flaws. Not to compare, but Apple released a brand new programming language, Swift, which combines the best features of languages like Python, Ruby, and C#. This makes life simpler for a developer and an application can be developed much quicker than while using the traditional methods.
Now you know why Android is important and how you can be the kind of Android developer companies are looking for. If you are looking for someone to train you on Android, ZeoLearn offers Android Development courses that work under the supervision of experienced professionals within the niche.