UX puts the focus on “build the right thing” whereas UI is “build the thing right”. Let’s get deep and experience who does what?
User Interface (UI) design process:
User Interface is related to the design of the system or interface with which user makes a direct interaction and perform some operations. User Interface basically covers the overall process of designing and how the user is going to interact with a file. It aims at enhancing the usability, visibility and technical abilities of the interface and additionally gives the satisfaction to the user using the end product.
UI designing is the actually about creating great and seamless interfaces facilitating rewarding interaction between the user and the product. The UI design work requires a lot of research about user behavior and taking decisions on the basis of data collected during the observation. UI designing requires a lot of pen and paper work and designers around the globe are using some famous tools like Photoshop, Illustrator, Fireworks, Cinema 4D, etc. The knowledge of UX helps the UI designers to develop a good interface.
Main elements of UI design:
- Input Controls: It is considered as one of the important element as it gives the way how the user is going to flow throughout the website. Input controls consist of checkboxes, radio buttons, dropdown lists, list boxes, buttons, toggles, text fields, date field.
- Navigational Components: Breadcrumb, slider, search field, pagination, slider, tags, icons. These are a must because it acts as a guide for the user and helping him/her to land on that particular specific page searched by him/her.
- Informational Components: Provides users with information about the ongoing process on the interface. The components, mainly include tooltips, icons, progress bar, notifications, message boxes, model windows.
- Containers: Accordion, vertically stacked list of items that utilizes show/ hide functionality.
What does a UI designer do?
UI designers are generally responsible for making technology easy and intuitive for people to use. They actually work on the areas where users directly interact with the technology, such as the images on a computer screen or the layout of a car dashboard. UI designers work is a combination of research and creation.
Below are some of the important techniques (not limited to) followed by UI designers to create a pleasant view for the viewer:
1. Setting Standards for UI design:
The only way a better UI design can be possible is just by maintaining consistency and setting the standard user design standards within your application. Sticking to the same standards throughout your application can give better results.
2. Navigation between major UI is given high priority:
Navigation is given more priority because if the flow from one screen to another screen is better then the user will spend more time. But users actually get frustrated when they don’t see what they are looking for. Because different user work in a different way so your system should be flexible enough to support their approaches.
3. Color Combination and Contrast rule:
Colors are the most important part of UI design and designers follow any color combination which they feel it’s suitable for them. Apart from having a color combination the designers should also think of people who are color blind. The consistency in color combination is required because it will give the same look and feel throughout the design.
Color contrast also holds the important position because the correct color usage in the design will ensure whether the screen is readable or not.
4. Field alignment within the design is important:
UI designers can organize a screen which is having more than one editing fields. Designers have always found the best way to do so is to left-justify edit fields: in other words, make the left-hand side of each edit field line up in a straight line, one over the other.
User Experience (UX) Designing Process:
UX Designing is the process of enhancing the customer satisfaction and loyalty by improving the usability, accessibility, and pleasure provided in the interaction between the user and the product. In simple terms, UX design can be defined as the experience which the user will have when they interact with your product. Even though the UI design and UX design sound similar, the roles that each of them takes are quite different with respect to the different parts of the process and design discipline.
UX stands for User Experience Design and UI stands for User Interface Design. Both designs are equally important in developing a product. The primary goal of UI is to make the user interactions as simple and efficient as possible, whereas the goal of the UX design is to enhance the user satisfaction by improving the usability of the particular product.
The main elements of the UX design are:
- Visual Design: It is used to represent look-and-feel of the front end of a user interface.
- Information architecture: Organizing and Structuring of the products and services in order to support findability and usability.
- Interaction Design: This cannot be defined in a single line as there are many terms that are associated with it. However, we can say that the user experience will need Interaction Design to play a vital role in defining what works best for the user.
- Usability: It can be defined as the extent to which the users will be able to use the product with efficiency and satisfaction.
- Human-computer interaction: The Design, Evaluation, and Implementation of the computing system in such a way that humans will be able to use it.
We now have an idea of the UX design, but what does a UX Designer actually do?
This cannot be exactly defined as it depends on the type of project the UX Designer is working on. However, there are some techniques on which the UX Designer will depend on during the development of a project, some of these techniques are mentioned below:
1. Personas: A Persona is a fictitious identity that reflects one of the user groups for who you are designing.
2. Storyboards: Storyboards were inspired by the filmmaking industry. It is a visual sequence of events used to capture the user interactions with the product.
3. User Testing: Sitting users in front the website and asking them to perform the tasks which have been planned by you and making the users think out loud while they are doing this.
4. Wireframes: A Wireframe is a rough guide for the website or app layout. It is similar to that of a prototype where the product is far from finished in terms of functionality and appearance.
5. Content Audit: Reviewing and Cataloguing of a client’s existing repository of content.
Example showing how UI and UX work hand in hand:
We have taken Google search for UI design example. Let’s see how the user interacts with this.
The user experience differs with the load time of the page. If the search result occurs within seconds, then the user experience will be very good. And if the load time for the page is high, then user experience might not be the same.
The diagram shows some difference between UI and UX: (not limited to)
UI =! UX
User Interface and User Experience work parallel as optimizing the UI can improve UX. People viewing the website always want to have a seamless and smooth page view. If the UI is full of bugs and it takes a lot of time to load, then it will certainly frustrate the user.The faulty UI designs also bring down the user experience.
To sum up, things we can say that UX is not UI whereas UI is a small part of UX. Actually, UX designers and UI designers are complementary.