Artificial intelligence has gained an incredible momentum in the past couple of years. The current intelligent systems have the capability of managing large amounts of data and simplifying complicated calculations very fast. But these are not the sentient machines. AI developers are trying to develop this feature in the future. In the coming years, AI systems will reach and surpass the performance of humans in solving different tasks. Different types of AI have emerged to assist other artificial intelligence systems to work smarter. In this article, we are going to have a look at different categories of artificial intelligence.
Reactive Machines AI
The fundamental types of artificial intelligence systems are quite reactive and they are not able to use previous experiences to advise current decisions and to configure memories. IBM’s chess-playing computer called Deep Blue defeated Garry Kasparov who is an international grandmaster in chess in the late 1990s, is one example of this type of machine.
In the same way, Google’s AlphaGo defeated the top human Go experts but it can’t assess all the future moves. Its testing method is more enlightened than Deep Blue’s by using a neural network to assess the game developments.
Limited Memory AI
Limited memory AI is mostly used in self-driving cars. They will detect the movement of vehicles around them constantly. The static data such as lane marks, traffic lights and any curves in the road will be added to the AI machine. This helps autonomous cars to avoid getting hit by a nearby vehicle. Nearly, it will take 100 seconds for an AI system to make considered decisions in self-driving.
Theory of Mind AI
Theory of mind artificial intelligence is a very advanced technology. In terms of psychology, the theory of mind represents the understanding of people and things in the world that can have emotions which alter their own behavior. Still, this type of AI has not been developed completely in the society. But research shows that the way to make advancements is to begin by developing robots that are able to identify eye and face movements and act according to the looks.
Self-aware AI is a supplement of the theory of mind AI. This type of AI is not developed yet, but when it happens, it can configure representations about themselves. It means particular devices are tuned into cues from humans like attention spans, emotions and also able to display self-driven reactions.
Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)
ANI is the most common technology that can be found in many aspects of our daily life. We can find this in smartphones like Cortana and Siri that help users to respond to their problems on request. This type of artificial intelligence is referred to as ‘weak AI’. Because it is not strong enough as we need it to be.
Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)
This type of artificial intelligence systems work like humans and is called as ‘strong AI’. Most of the robots are ANI, but few are AGI or above. Pillo robot is an example of AGI which answers to all questions with respect to the health of the family. It can distribute pills and give guidance about their health. This is a powerful technology which is necessary for living with a full-time live-in doctor.
Artificial Superhuman Intelligence (ASI)
This type of AI has the ability to achieve everything that a human can do and more. Alpha 2 is the first humanoid robot developed for the family. This robot is capable of managing a smart home and can operate the things in your home. It will notify you of the weather conditions and tells you interesting stories too. It is really a high-powered robot which you feel like is a member of your family.